THE HISTORY of RESORT

The History of Tskaltubo Mineral Water

Mineral water of Tskaltubo resort has an ancient history. Geologically, the water is of an ancient origin. Its age is about 100-150 thousand years, and in the formation of it modern hydro chemical processes take an active part.

In 1782, the European edition of the “Proceedings of the Berlin Society of natural science,” first published the data on Tskaltubo`s therapeutic waters.

In 1887, Russian academician P.S.Palas processed and in his own interpretation published in German the handwritten notes of German traveler J. Guldenstadt on his journey, whereby information about Tskaltubo`s medicinal waters in European literature first appeared.

After a long break, the year of 1809 gave start to publication of materials on the mineral waters of Tskaltubo, both in Russian and  Western press.

In 1809, in a sampled and abridged version, translated from German into Russian “The Travel Journal” by I. Guldenstadt was published, which for the first time ensured the appearance of the data on Tskaltubo mineral water in Russian literature.

In 1815, the famous naturalist Julius von Klaproth in his book, published in German language in Berlin, also gave description of Tskaltubo and its mineral waters, relying on “The Travel Journal” of the same I. Guldenstadt.

In 1897, in the detailed European encyclopedic edition “The Real Encyclopedia of Medical Sciences in Germany”, Professor Albert Eulenburg provides some information about the beneficial qualities of Tskaltubo mineral springs.

In 1898 G. Struve based on their chemical analysis, attributed Tskaltubo springs to “indiferrent mineral springs”, which analogues were Vilbad and Teplice.

In 1902, Professor Vasil Petriashvili made the first complete chemical analysis of Tskaltubo`s water.

Physical-chemical composition of Tskaltubo mineral water

t = 34-35 OC, flow rate(debit) -20,000,000 liters per day/night

This unique healing mineral water belongs to slight- radon (1-3 nano-curies or becquerels 40-100) chloride- hydrogen carbonate- sulfate, sodium- magnesium-calcium waters. Water`s natural temperature (30-35 OC) allows its use without preheating.

Tskaltubo mineral water differs from other mineral waters  known in the point that its constituent ingredients in number are far below the permissible minimum.

As a constituent part of Tskaltubo water, gazes like Nitrogen, Radon, Helium, and Argon play their vital role.

Clear evidence that the mineral component of Tskaltubo springs is constant and does not fluctuate, is the fact that chemical analysis carried by Professor V. Petriashvili in the year of  1902, remains identical to current , and unchanged.

 

Gram

Mg. Equivalent

Equivalent.%

Cations
Na+K

0,0534

2,32

20,33

Mg

0,0341

2,84

24,89

Ca

0,1250

6,25

54,78

Fe

0,0011

Total

0,2136

11,41

100,00

 

Anions

Cl

0,1012

2,85

24,98

SO4

0,2237

4,66

40,84

HCO3

0,2079

3,90

34,18

Total

0,5628

11,41

100,00

    
SiO

0,242

Al2O3F2O3

0,0029

Mineralization

0,8

CO2

0,088

Dry residue 110О

0,764